Blackheads generally occur in oily skin. It often known as open comedo and specially found on nose area and sometime on the back also. When sebum (an oily substance) reacts with air, it turns black. In this the affected area is having a pours like structure which is really ridiculous in seeing. I think it is a serious problem of teenagers because most of the time they are the only one who are suffering from blackheads. So let see what are the causes of blackheads and also some of the easy home remedies to get rid of blackheads (1).
Causes of blackheads
1) Oil production
Excess production of oil shows that your body is going through hormonal changes. Excess oil accumulates dirt on your skin, which make your skin dull and produce blackheads. It also closes the face pores.
2) Skin cells
Accumulation of dead skin cells on your skin is the main culprit of causing blackheads. As the dead skin cells starts accumulating layer by layer on your skin which close the skin pores and prevent entering of fresh air and water. If this process goes on in a continuous manner then our old skin will get trap in the skin pores along with dirt and will produce blackheads.
3) Skin products
Skin products are the most important thing which can improve your skin and can destroy it too. So choosing the right skin product is very important. Always choose such skin care products which suit your skin. It will help you to prevent many types of skin problems including blackheads.
In some people blackheads also occur due to hormonal imbalance which is not his\her fault. Hormonal imbalance is the situation in which many type of skin problem starts occurring. You must visit a doctor during this ongoing period of hormonal imbalance.
Some of best and easy home remedies to get rid of blackheads
1) Baking soda
Take a teaspoon of baking soda and mix it with little amount of water to make a fine paste. Firstly wash your face with warm water. Now apply the paste on your face by targeting the affected area. Massage your face and leave it for 5 minutes. This will help to loosen up the dirt, impurities, blackheads and dead skin cells. Wash your face using warm water to rinse off the paste. Giving a final splash to your face with chill water restrict the pore, preventing more dirt from entering. To bring a natural ph. of your skin use a little amount of diluted apple cider vinegar as a toner afterwards. Repeat this process thrice a week; it will help you to get rid of blackheads.
2) Egg white
First wash your face with lukewarm water. Take an egg and separate the yolk from egg white. The egg white will be used only. Dip a cotton pad into egg white and allow it to soak up. Cotton pad should be applied on affected areas and wait for it to dry up. At least wait for 25 minutes until the cotton pad completely dries up. After that, peel it off from your nose quickly. You will observe that a lot of disgusting things on the cotton pad. Wash your skin with chill icy water to shrink pores. Use this remedy twice a week, this remedy will help you to get rid of blackheads.
3) Salt and toothpaste
Take a spoon of salt and some amount of toothpaste. Mix both the ingredients well. Rub this on your affected area of with the help of your old toothbrush for about 15-20 seconds. Wipe it off with the help of a cloth. After that, rinse off with normal water. Follow this at least thrice in a week, this process will help you to get rid of blackheads.
4) Warm water and cloth
Take some amount of warm water and put a cloth in it. Now just place it over the area of blackheads. Repeat this for two to three times in a day for good and quickly result. After doing this you will observe that your blackheads is removed from your face. Do this before going to bed; it will help you to get rid of blackheads overnight.
5) Fullers’ earth/ multani mitti and curd!
Take a teaspoon of Fullers’ earth (multani mitti) and a teaspoon of curd. Mix it well. Apply this paste on the blackheads with the help of your finger. Let the paste dries up completely. Now wash your face with normal or cold water. Repeating this twice in a week will help you to get rid of blackheads.
Take a cotton pad, dip it into water and place it on blackheads area for few minutes so it can open up the pores. Next you take glue and paint it on your blackheads with the help of paint brush. Leave it for 5 minutes. After that, when it dries up completely peel it off from its bottom gently and rinse your face with normal water. Using this remedy 3 times in a week will help you to get rid of blackheads.
7) Lemon and sea salt
Take a tablespoon of salt sea, half teaspoon lemon juice and one tablespoon of water. Mix all the ingredients in a bowl. After that, apply this paste on the blackheads and massage in circular motion for 2-3 minutes. Let the mixture dry for 15-20 minutes. Rinse your face with warm water. Following this process 4 times in a week will really help you to get rid of blackheads.
8) Charcoal powder and glue
Take some amount of charcoal powder and mix it with glue to make fine paste. Then apply this paste on affected area of blackheads. Keep it until it gets dry completely. After that, peel it off nicely. Now Wash your face with cold water and pat dry. Repeat this process twice in a week; it will help you to get rid of blackheads.
9) Honey and Cinnamon mask
Take 1 tsp. of honey and 1 tsp. of cinnamon powder. Mix both the ingredients properly to make a sticky paste. Now wipe away all your makeup using water. Then apply the paste on blackheads. Wait for at least 5 minutes until it gets dry. After that, wash it with normal water. Use this remedy daily for minimum 2 week, this remedy will help you to get rid of blackheads.
10) Lemon juice
Take a fresh lemon and a cotton pad. Cut it in 2 pieces with a knife and extract its juice. Dip a cotton pad in lemon juice and apply it on blackheads. You should apply this at night before going to sleep. After that, when you wake up in the morning wash your face gently with warm water. However lemon juice can dry your skin so use moisturizing cream after washing it. Follow this process daily for minimum one week, this process will really help you to get rid of blackheads.
11) Concoction mask
Take 1 tsp. of baking soda, 1 tsp. of sugar, 1 tsp. of water and 1 tsp. of honey. By mixing all ingredients you can make a blackheads scrub. Now take cotton and dip it into scrub and apply it on your blackheads. Leave it for 5 minutes. After that, wash your face with normal water and dry your face by using a towel. Repeating this remedy twice a week will help you to get rid of blackheads.
12) Sticky honey mask
Take some amount of honey in a bowl. Apply it on blackheads with the help of your hand. Wait for at least 20 minutes. After that, wash your face with cold water and pat dry. Using this remedy daily for minimum 2 week will help you to get rid of blackheads.
13) Milk and honey
Take 1 tsp. of honey and 1 tsp. of milk and mix both for 10 second not more than that. Then take a cloth and dip it into the mixture and apply it on the blackheads. Wait at least 20 minutes so it can dry completely. Now peel off the cloth properly and wash your face with normal water. After washing face you have to use moisturizing cream on your face because honey and milk make your face dry. Following this process thrice a week will help you to get rid of blackheads.
Take a small tomato, peeled and mashed. Then apply it on blackheads before going to bed. Leave it overnight and then wash your face with warm water in morning. Repeat this remedy daily for minimum one week; it will really help you to get rid of blackheads.
15) Neem leaves
Take 8-10 neem leaves. Blend the neem leaves in the mixer by adding sufficient amount of water and make its paste. Now apply the paste on your affected area and leave it for 10 minutes. After that, rinse off with normal water. Neem leaves has antibacterial property which not only prevent blackheads but also cure many other skin problems. Use this remedy daily for minimum one week; it will really help you to get rid of blackheads.
16) Coriander leaves
Take sufficient amount of coriander leaves. Grind it and make its paste. After that, extract the juice from its paste and apply it on your blackheads. Keep it for 10-15 minutes and rinse off. Follow this process daily for 2 week, this process will help you to get rid of blackheads.
17) Aloe vera
Aloe vera is the traditional and an ancient way of treating skin problems. Take a fresh aloe vera leave, peel off and take out the white pulp. Smash the pulp and apply it on your blackheads. Let it stay for 15 minutes and rinse off. Repeating this process daily will help you to get rid of blackheads.
18) Green tea bag
Take 1 green tea bag and half cup water. Boil the green tea bag in water and let it cool. As it get cool remove the tea bag and apply the mixture by using a cotton ball. Leave it for 5 minutes and rinse it off. Using this remedy twice a week will help you to get rid of blackheads.
19) Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar has antibacterial property which removes all the harmful germs from your skin. Take 1 teaspoon of ACV and some cotton ball. Dip the cotton ball in the ACV and apply it on your affected area. Keep it for 5 minutes and rinse off. Following this process twice a week will help you to get rid of blackheads.
20) Castor oil (only for dry and combination skin)
Take 1 teaspoon of castor oil and a cotton ball. Soak the cotton ball in castor oil and apply it on your blackheads. Let it stay for 5 minutes and rinse off. Repeat this process thrice a week, it will help you to get rid of blackheads.
21) Jojoba oil (only for dry and combination skin)
Jojoba oil is a natural skin toner, which not only remove blackheads but also lighten your skin tone. Take 1 teaspoon of jojoba oil and a cotton ball. Apply the oil by using cotton ball and massage for few minutes. Leave it for 4-5 minutes and rinse off. Use this remedy thrice a week, this remedy will help you to remove blackheads.
Do not expose your skin in direct sunlight
Always use a sunscreen more than spf 30 before going outside
Drink at least 2 liters of water daily
Avoid smoking and alcohol
Take regular bath
Use right skin products
Always wash your face before going to bed, it will remove all your makeup